International Medical Journal, Vol. 22., Iss. 2, 2016, P. 87−92.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF HERPES VIRUS MYOCARDITIS IN ADULTS WITH CHICKENPOX
Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Ukraine
V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine
Varicella morbidity in adults has increased 2 times recently. This disease causes a number of complications, including, myocarditis. The incidence, clinical features and treatment of acute myocarditis in adults with chicken pox were investigated. The study involved general clinical, biochemical and instrumental methods. Our findings show that acute myocarditis is caused by type 3 herpes virus; the disease may be asymptomatic as the clinical picture is veiled by the infectious process. High correlation between severity of varicella and incidence of acute myocarditis in adults was revealed. Drug treatment should be early and include antiviral drugs (acyclovir), drugs affecting the inflammatory, autoimmune and allergic reactions, restoration of hemodynamics, effects on the metabolic processes in the myocardium, symptomatic therapy for the complications.
Key words: chickenpox, myocarditis, diagnosis, treatment.