International Medical Journal, Vol. 27., Iss. 1, 2021, P. 27−30.
STATE OF SYSTEMIC HEMODYNAMICS FOR CHILDREN WITH CONGENITAL SURGICAL PATHOLOGY IN DIFFERENT COMBINED ANESTHESIA TYPES
MI "Dnipropetrovsk Regional Children's Clinical Hospital" DRC, Dnipro, Ukraine
General anesthesia for a surgical correction of congenital malformations in children is accompanied, in particular, by the disorders of systemic hemodynamics. In order to assess the impact of different types of combined anesthesia on the state of systemic hemodynamics in surgical correction of congenital malformations, a retrospective study of the treatment of 150 newborns and infants was conducted. These were children with various congenital malformations, but the most common were intestinal obstruction and abdominal tumors. Three groups of patients were formed depending on the type of combined anesthesia during surgical correction of abnormalities: I − inhalation (sevorane) + regional anesthesia; II − inhalation (sevorane) + intravenous anesthesia (fentanyl); III − total intravenous anesthesia with two drugs: analgesic (fentanyl) and drug sleep on the background of intravenous injection of hypnotics (20 % sodium oxybutyrate). There were preformed the surgeries: thoracic, urological, abdominal. The study was retrospectively evaluated in five stages. The analysis of systemic hemodynamics showed a tendency to reduce diastolic blood pressure in children treated with anesthesia with two intravenous drugs (hypnotic and fentanyl), during all observation stages and a significant decrease in this index at the most painful and traumatic period. At the time of induction of anesthesia in children there was a decrease in heart rate. According to the research results, it is concluded that when using the pre−hypnotics as part of combined anesthesia in children with congenital malformations during surgery there is a risk of complications from central hemodynamics in the form of vasodilation, which leads to a drop in blood pressure and increases compensatively the heart contractions.
Key words: infants, congenital malformations, anesthesia, hemodynamics.
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