International Medical Journal, Vol. 22., Iss. 2, 2016, P. 61−64.
SIMULATION OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE OF THE CEREBELLUM AND ITS NUCLEI IN NEUROSURGICAL PRACTICE
Kharkiv National Medical University, Ukraine
Development of new trends in modern operative surgery and elaboration of new surgical interventions require their deep anatomical study using modern research methods. In recent years, the leading hospitals have demonstrated the principle of carrying out operations with the use of 3D graphics. The purpose of the work was to develop a three−dimensional model of the cerebellum, its nuclei and pathways. The study was performed on 430 specimens of the cerebellum of people who died at the age of 20−99 due to the diseases not associated with the involvement of the vascular and central nervous system. Macromicroscopic, stereotactic, morphometric, graphic methods and statistical analysis were used. Final fixation was performed in a special solution consisting of glycerin, water, alcohol, pepsin, ammonium chloride and NaCl. Human anatomy department of KNMU has developed a 3D model of the cerebellum, its nuclei and pathways, based on their macromicroscopic specimens, taking into account their individual variability and topographoanatomical features. Our 3D model is a highly accurate copy of natural macromicroscopic anatomical specimen. A three−dimensional model allows creation of a synthetic model using a 3D printer fully corresponding the original macromicroscopic specimen. The data obtained can be used in the practice of neurosurgery, neurophysiology, neurology and neuromorphology with the purpose of detailing cerebellar areas, optimization of operations on the cerebellum. They can be used in a number of scientific works and implemented in the educational process. They complement the existing concepts about common patterns of the structure of the cerebellum, its nuclei and pathways.
Key words: cerebellum, simulation, three−dimensional image nuclei of the cerebellum.