International Medical Journal, Vol. 21., Iss. 4, 2015, P. 32−36.
FORMATION OF AN ARTIFICIAL STOMACH AFTER GASTRECTOMY (REVIEW)
Kharkiv National Medical University, Ukraine
Gastrectomy is the leading radical method of treatment for gastric cancer. A significant number of patients have clinically significant postgastrectomy syndromes. The main factor affecting the incidence of digestive disorders is the choice of the method of reconstruction of the digestive tract after gastrectomy. The review of literature revealed recent data on the possibilities of forming a so−called artificial stomach during the recovery phase after gastrectomy. These data show a decrease in the number of postgastrectomy syndromes in formation of small and colonic reservoirs. However, according to many studies, the benefits of reconstruction method have to be determined. Thus, the literature suggests that, despite development of a significant number of reconstructive surgeries after gastrectomy, new methods of reconstruction aimed at improving the quality of life of patients with gastric cancer need to be developed.
Key words: gastrectomy, postgastrectomy syndromes, gastroplasty.