International Medical Journal, Vol. 21., Iss. 1, 2015, P. 26−31.
ECHOGRAPHIC MARKERS OF VASCULAR AND CARDIAC DISORDERS IN PATIENTS WITH ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION AND ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION ASSOCIATED WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Ukraine
Kharkiv City Clinical Hospital No. 27, Ukraine
Diabetes mellitus is a global health and social problem. Most patients with non−insulin dependent diabetes are diagnosed hypertension. The most accessible method for diagnosing the condition of the vessels and heart in such patients is ultrasound. In order to identify informative indicators of ultrasonography of the heart and blood vessels at progression of their dysfunction at combination of diabetes and hypertension, 134 patients were examined. The established marker indicators were divided into three classes: the first distinguishes between normal and abnormal, the second the norm, arterial hypertension and diabetes, and the third one is increased in patients with diabetes. It is therefore advisable to use in clinical practice the analysis of the proposed indicators for evaluation of blood vessels and the heart in patients with arterial hypertension and, in particular, in combination with type 2 diabetes mellitus and different stages of carbohydrate metabolism compensation.
Key words: arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, echographic study.