International Medical Journal, Vol. 21., Iss. 1, 2015, P. 63−67.
HYPERKINESIS IN CHILDHOOD PATHOLOGY
Kharkiv National Medical University, Ukraine
Hyperkinetic syndrome may be a manifestation of both infectious and somatic diseases in children, therefore it requires a careful examination. Hyperkinesis is considered a serious disorder in the activity of the brain. At this syndrome, neurotransmitter exchange is disturbed mainly in the structures of the extrapyramidal system. The clinical manifestations are associated with inflammatory processes in the basal ganglia and the caudal nuclei of the central nervous system. Depending on the level of brain damage, three groups of hyperkinesis, stem, subcortical, cortical−subcortical, are distinguished. In this work the different types of hyperkinetic syndrome, symptoms and signs, pathogenesis, features are characterized. Particular attention is paid to differential diagnosis, illustrated with a clinical example. An algorithm for examination of children with hyperkinesis, which will help early diagnosis and proper selection of therapy, was suggeted.
Key words: hyperkinetic syndrome, children, inflammatory processes of the central nervous system, examination algorithm.