International Medical Journal, Vol. 20., Iss. 3, 2014, P. 49−53.
Analysis of the surface and superficial stimulation electroneuromyography in patients with different forms of Parkinson’s disease
Ukrainian Medical Dentistry Academy, Poltava, Ukraine
At present the number of patients with Parkinson's disease amounts 6 million. The prevalence of Parkinson's disease increases after the age of 50 and reaches its highest frequency at the age of 70−79 years. The methods of diagnosis include in−depth clinical assessment, pharmacological load, electroneuromyography, accelerometer, neuroimaging. The author evaluated the main indicators of electroneuromyography in patients with different forms of Parkinson's disease. The study involved 30 patients with akinetic−rigid and tremor form of Parkinson's disease. The control group consisted of patients with vascular parkinsonism. Analysis of the parameters in patients with tremor and rigid form of the disease did not demonstrate significant differences in the findings of superficial and stimulating electroneuromyography. Oscillation frequency decreased when coordination tests were performed in groups of patients with tremor form of the disease. In patients with rigid form dystonic phenomenon characteristic of early parkinsonism with tremor component was registered. This can be used with diagnostic purposes at early stages of the disease. Electroneuromyography can be used to monitor and assess the effectiveness of therapy for Parkinson's disease.
Key words: Parkinson’s disease, vascular parkinsonism, electroneuromyography.