ULTRASOUND FEATURES OF CYCLIC CHANGES IN THE BREAST DEPENDING ON HORMONAL PARAMETERS IN WOMEN WITH DIFFUSE MASTOPATHY
Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
This study was undertaken to examine the ultrasonic features of cyclic changes in the breasts in women with various forms of mastopathy, depending on the hormonal status by determining the qualitative and quantitative parameters of fibroglandular tissue.
The study involved 134 women with various forms of diffuse mastopathy (prevalence of glandular, fibrous, cystic components and mixed type) aged 21−45 and 28 women aged 19−43 without structural changes in the breast parenchyma.
All women underwent ultrasound study of the breast using high−frequency linear transducers in the 1st and 2nd phases of the menstrual cycle, as well as the study of hormone levels.
Based on the findings of ultrasonography, hormone investigation in women of reproductive age with diffuse mastopathy, enlargement of the breast parenchyma, increase of its echogenicity, uneven structure, enlargement of the ducts diameter were noted.
The obtained findings suggest of a link between the nature of the changes in the breast parenchyma and cyclic changes in hormone levels in women with diffuse mastopathy.
Key words: breast, hormonal status, ultrasonography.