Ultrasound signs of mastopathy in women with hyperplastic processes of the endometrium
Kharkiv Medical Academy of Post−graduate Education, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Abstract. The issue of diffuse fibrous cystic mastopathy is urgent due to the fact that some proliferative forms are markers of breast cancer (BC) development. The purpose of the work was to investigate the peculiarities of the structural changes of the breast parenchyma and to determine ultrasound criteria (peak blood flow velocity, peripheral resistance index) in women with mastopathy accompanied by hyperplastic processes of the endometrium. Our study allowed to note a number of features and to determine ultrasound criteria of the structural changes in the breast in women of fertile age with mastopathy accompanied by hyperplastic processes of the endometrium using Doppler ultrasound and elastography. This permitted a complex assessment of the structural changes of the breast parenchyma, blood flow peculiarities and to obtain information about rigidity of the hyperplastic tissue which allows to improve the efficacy of differential diagnosis of dyshormaonal mastopathy in women of reproductive age.
Key words: mastopathy, hyperplastic endometrium processes, ultrasonography, Doppler ultrasound, elastography.