International Medical Journal, Vol. 19., Iss. 1, 2013, P. 60−62.
Contemporary tendencies of cellular technologies development in treatment of neuroretinopathy
Kharkiv Medical Academy of Post−graduate Education, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Abstract. Clinical application of stem cells, the restorative potential of which is associated with the prospects of treatment of some eye diseases, can become an important filed of ophthalmology. The author reports the most important direction of research in the filed of cellular therapy. It is noted that at the contemporary stage of ophthalmology development the authors of the majority of works concentrate on replacement of ganglious cells of the retina because their death is the end sage of the pathogenesis of various types of neuroretinopathy. Discovery of the method to differentiate stem cells to ganglionar cells of the retina and connection of the latter with their potential targets will be the main step in repopulation of neurons at their death. The accumulated material requires profound analysis and generalization. Cellular therapy is a powerful therapeutic factor actively introduced to the treatment of neuroretinopathy.
Key words: cellular therapy, neuroretinopathy, stem cells.