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№4' 2020

HYGIENE, EPIDEMIOLOGY, MEDICAL ECOLOGY

International Medical Journal, Vol. 26., Iss. 4, 2020, P. 89−93.


DOI (https://doi.org/10.37436/2308-5274-2020-4-16)

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFLUENCE OF RISK FACTORS ON SUBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT OF SCHOOLCHILDREN'S HEALTH


Sotnikova-Meleshkina Zh. V.

V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University
SI "Institute for Children and Adolescents Health Care at the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Kharkiv, Ukraine

In modern medicine, self−assessment of health is a reliable, affordable, objective tool for a large−scale clinical and hygienic research, the WHO recommends it as one of the main indices for monitoring the health and quality of life. By means of a screening survey, it is possible to determine not only the medical and social characteristics of an individual and a team, but also to establish the degree of prevalence of threatening symptoms at the pre−nosological level in different age and gender groups. To assess the level of influence of the daily routine elements as risk factors on the subjective assessment of health by middle schoolers using the diagnostic method titled as "Screening of the survey on schoolchildren health" a study among 200 students aged 12−14 in secondary education institutions was conducted. According to the results of self−assessment of their own health, the most common signs were asthenia ones especially among girls. A significant number of students did not follow the recommended duration of night sleep and walks in fresh air, the mode of visual load and physical activity. One−factor analysis of variance revealed the level of influence on the formation of pathological conditions (cardiorheumatological, endocrine, ophthalmic, hematological, dental and otolaryngological pathology, signs of asthenia and hypovitaminosis) failure to comply with basic elements of the daily routine. The most important for the general level of health problems are the time of homework, watching TV time, computer games or using other gadgets, diet, these are the ones that are considered to be controlled factors in the development of childhood pathology. Signs of cardiorheumatological and hematological diseases, asthenia and mental disorders were the most sensitive to daily disorders.

Key words: schoolchildren, subjective assessment of health status, screening, risk factors, daily routine.


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