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№4' 2019


International Medical Journal, Vol. 25., Iss. 4, 2019, P. 59−62.



Yurii Alekseevich Vinnyk, Vadim Grigorevich Vlasenko, Anna Vladimirovna Baranova

Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
State Institution "SP Grigoriev Institute for Medical Radiology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Kharkiv
Molekula Pre−Tumor Medical Center, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Three−negative breast cancer is characterized by aggressive clinical course, early metastasis and poor prognosis, leading to more active oncosurgical tactics and systemic treatment. Due to the aggressive clinical course of this oncopathology with increasing risk of locoregional and distant metastases, the most common surgical treatment tactics are modified variants of radical mastectomy with wide dissection of lymph nodes in areas of potential metastasis. Radicalism of the operation is the cause of the increase in the incidence of wound and lymphoenosis, the development of which depends on many factors, the determination of which is important for the development of methods of prevention of complications. In recent years, in the early stages of the disease, a radical breast resection after a course of adjuvant radiotherapy has been considered as an alternative. To study the immediate post−surgery results of three−negative breast cancer, depending on the initial clinical and pathological parameters and features of therapeutic tactics, a study was conducted in which 66 patients participated. Patients underwent radical mastectomy and breast resection, as well as lymph node dissection. Nine patients underwent aloplastic reconstruction. The results of the analysis showed that most often after radical surgeries, irrespective of their volume, there are lymphovenous complications, the development of which is affected by an increase in body mass index and lesions of lymph nodes. Aloplastic breast reconstruction contributes to a reduced incidence of lymphoid complications, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with an increased incidence of wound complications. These factors should be considered when planning the surgery protocols of patients with three negative breast cancer.

Key words: three−negative breast cancer, surgical treatment, postoperative complications, risk factors.


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