International Medical Journal, Vol. 22., Iss. 3, 2016, P. 81−87.
MODERN ASPECTS OF DIAGNOSIS OF ISOLATED AND COMBINED INJURIES OF THE NOSE
Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
Kharkiv City Hospital № 30, Ukraine
Nose injury occupies the leading place among the damages of the ear, nose and throat and facial bones. The growth of injuries, lack of a unified approach to the treatment leads to a dramatic increase in the number of patients with post−traumatic deformities and defects of the facial bones. Recently, this problem has taken on particular importance due to the large number of victims in war zones. Severe multiple fractures of the middle zone of the facial skeleton, accompanied by brain injury of varying degrees, bleeding and liquorrhea are determined only using targeted special examination. At the same time, there are no uniform requirements as to the volume of research, resulting in underestimation of the spread of the depth and scope of the injury to the nose and adjacent areas, the nervous system, as well as development of a number of complications and cosmetic defects of the face. On the basis of in−depth investigation of the patients with fractures of the nose and adjacent areas we propose the working classification of isolated and combined injuries of the nose for clinical diagnosis and adequate medical care.
Key words: trauma of the nose and the medial zone of the face, dіagnosis, treatment.