International Medical Journal, Vol. 21., Iss. 3, 2015, P. 36−44.
MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PATIENTS WITH PSYCHOSOMATIC AND SOMATOFORM DISORDERS IN THE CONTEXT OF CLINICAL PSYCHOPHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY
Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Ukraine
The analysis of the experience of clinical psychophenomenological study of vast numbers of patients suffering from the most common forms of psychosomatic disorders and somatoform disorders presented in our previous works, demonstrates the need for comparison of the data expressed in the peculiarities of personality nosospecific transformation of characteristics of response of patients with psychophysiological features of psychological functioning and medical psychological aspects of the disease. A study of medical psychological characteristics of this cohort of patients will allow, on the one hand, to get information about important aspects of the personality organization of individuals, outlining the range of medical psychological predictors of psychosomatic disorders and somatoform disorders, on the other hand, we compare the obtained psychophenomenological characteristics with the existing pathophysiological ideas and psychotechnical concepts in the field of the competence of medical psychology. To analyze the medical psychological characteristics of the patients with somatoform disorders and psychosomatic diseases, we examined 470 patients with various somatoform and psychosomatic disorders, the patients were divided into 2 groups: a group of patients with psychosomatic disorders (asthma, essential hypertension, peptic ulcer and/or duodenal ulcer), and a group of patients with somatoform disorders (somatoform dysfunction of the respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive systems) with the help of psychodiagnostic method. The investigation allowed to determine medical psychological characteristics of the patient population with somatoform dysfunction of the respiratory, cardiovascular and digestive systems, asthma, hypertension, gastric ulcer and/or duodenal ulcers.
Key words: somatoform disorders, essential hypertension, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, asthma, clinical psychophenomenological study.