International Medical Journal, Vol. 20., Iss. 1, 2014, P. 8−12.
MODERN CONCEPTS OF PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC PROCESS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE
Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
This paper features the current situation of psychotherapy from the perspective of major psychotherapeutic paradigms (neurodynamic, psychodynamic, cognitive−behavioral, rational, psychomethodological) in the framework of the dominant concept of personalized medicine. Comprehensive integral strategy in a definite clinical case considering genetic, macro− and microenvironmental factors, optimization and individualizing of therapeuric and diagnostic process is meant. The role of psychophenomenological approach in psychiatry as a fully functional instrument of personalization in medicine is emphasized. Introduction of such profile is especially important within the framework of the search for personalized therapeutic strategy as psychotherapy is associated with medically oriented intervention promoting treatment efficacy, compliance forming, improvement of the quality of the life of the patients with various types of somatic, neurological, surgical pathology. Efficient application of this sanogenic instrument in specialized and general medical practice together with improvement of theoretical and therapeutic−diagnostic capabilities can improve the quality of medical aid, social and labor adaptation and population health.
Key words: psychotherapy, personalized medicine, psychotherapeutic profile, ontogenetic model, the psychotherapeutic process.