International Medical Journal, Vol. 19., Iss. 3, 2013, P. 5−13.
THE CONTENT AND EFFICACY OF MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AID IN PEDIATRIC ONCOLOGY
Regional Children's Clinical Hospital No. 1
Abstract. A clinical psychological and psychodiagnostic investigation of 339 families with children with the diagnosis of cancer revealed main psychological problems of interrelation of the parents and child as well as sick children and medical staff, volunteers. The parameters of psychoemotional state, personality and behavior peculiarities of the sick children and their parents, their family function associated with the reaction to cancer were studied. The factors of professional distress of the medical staff and volunteers were determined. Based on the generalization of the obtained findings short− and long−term tasks and purposes of the system of medical psychological aid were determined. The targets of medical psychological treatment were distinguished for all participants of the treatment process. An algorithm of psychological aid including a differentiated use of psychoeducation and psychocorrection measures was worked out.
Key words: pediatric oncology, medical psychological aid.